Know More About Three Different Types of Diabetes

One of the fastest growing diseases in the world, diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease in which the body either does not produce or does not fully utilize insulin. Due to high sugar levels in the blood,many other health complications may occur. There are three major types of diabetes which include the following:

Diabetes 1 (Insulin Dependent Diabetes)

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the beta cells that produce insulin are destroyed by your own bodies’ autoimmune system. As a result, your pancreas produces little or no insulin. Though the exact cause of your immune system attacking the beta cells is not clear,it is suspected that genetic and environmental factors such as viruses or other pathogens, and increasingly, one’s diet,could be responsible. In the U.S, 5 to 10 % of diagnosed diabetes is Type 1 diabetes. The most common symptoms of diabetes 1 are blurred vision, excessive thirst and urination. Type1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in young adults and teenagers, but may occur at any age.  Genetics is also suspected to play an important role in this form of diabetes.Cardiovascular diseases and other medical conditions such as strokes and high blood pressure are associated with type 1 diabetes.

Diabetes 2 (Non- Insulin Dependent Diabetes)

Type 2is the most common form of diabetes. 85-90 % of diagnosed diabetes cases are Type 2 diabetes and are common among people above 40 years of age. Inherited genes also play an important role in whether you are at risk for this disease: having a relative who is diagnosed with Type 2 increases your risks for contracting this condition.Insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency characterize type 2 diabetes.People suffering from Diabetes 2 are more prone to cardiovascular diseases and other medical conditions such as strokes and high blood pressure.

Gestational Diabetes

This type of diabetes is common in pregnant women and generally occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. Though carbohydrate intolerance returns to normal after delivery, the mother is under significant risk of developing Type 2 diabetes if it is ignored or left untreated. Proper medication, along with dietary changes, is essential for treatment.

Although internal reactions in all three types of diabetes are different, the end result is the same: the level of sugar in the blood keeps increasing and this can lead to further complications.

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