Back Pain can stem from any of the different structures in your back. Your back has over 30 muscles and 33 vertebrae. There are also many discs, joints, and ligaments that are part of the spinal system. These are all possible sites for pain. Your back is designed to support your weight and hold it erect during daily activities. The structure needs to be strong to do this. Your back also needs to have the flexibility to allow you to twist turn and move in all directions. Back pain is common and usually goes away in a short period of time. However, it is important to remember that pain is your body’s warning that something is wrong.

Muscular strains are the most common cause of back pain. This is an injury caused by stretching the muscle. The fibers in the muscle cannot handle the strain of the particular activity. A twist or pull of one of the muscles in the back can cause a tear in the muscle. An unexpected force such as a fall while reaching for something can also cause this kind of injury. Strains can also be caused by a repetitive activity that continually stretches the muscle causing the fibers inside it to be overstretched.

Another very common cause of back pain is a ligamentous sprain. A sprain is an injury to a ligament. A ligament is a thick, tough, fibrous tissue that connects your bones together. Ligaments keep your bones lined up properly. Another function of the ligaments is to prevent unnatural movements in the joints. A sprain occurs when the ligaments of the back are stretched beyond their limits. The fibers in the tissue are overtaxed.

Back sprain involves a ligament. Back strain involves muscles. The symptoms of both are similar. You will have localized pain in your lower back which does not radiate to another area of your body. The pain will result from an activity. Lifting a heavy object, as well as, twisting while in the process of lifting something are examples of activities that often result in strains and sprains. Sudden movements and falls are others.

The area sprained or strained will be tender to touch. Muscle spasms may occur in the area also. You will often feel less back pain when resting. Some activities will cause you to feel more pain.

Some of the factors that can contribute to Back Pain are inescapable. As you age, your body develops weakness from daily activities and the aging of your spine. If you are over 30, you are likely to begin experiencing this. Between the ages of 30-60, your back pain could be from problems with the discs in your spine. In the over 60 age bracket, back pain cases usually are related to osteoarthritis. Genetics and heredity are also known to play a part in the development of some painful back conditions.

Some jobs can either contribute to back pain or cause it. Repetitive bending and lifting duties can cause you to develop back pain. This is especially true if you develop a habit of doing them in a way that endangers your back. Jobs that require long hours of standing or being on your feet can cause back problems to develop. The reason for the back pain is not enough support to the spine and muscles. Surprisingly, jobs that require long hours sitting can cause the same type of problems for the same reason poor back support from the worker’s chair.

Habitual poor posture whether while sitting, standing, or lifting causes pressure and stress in the spine. Over time this adds up and can cause you to develop back pain.

If you are overweight, you place more stress on the structure of your spine especially your lower back.

The modern sedentary lifestyle that causes so many health conditions can also contribute to back pain. Regular exercise reduces your chance of developing back pain by strengthening the back. Those who seldom exercise experience more severe back pain than those who practice a regular exercise routine.

Pregnant women develop back pain from the weight gained during pregnancy. Most of the weight is in the front of their body, and the spine is exposed to stress trying to compensate for it. Also, as part of the normal preparations your body makes for childbirth, the ligaments in the pelvic area weaken and loosen. This places additional pressure on the spine and lower back which can result in back pain.

Though back pain is very common, the following symptoms require a doctor’s attention. They are not a normal accompaniment to back pain. If you are having difficulty passing urine or having a bowel movement, if you notice a progressive weakness in your legs, or if you have severe ongoing abdominal and lower back pain consult your physician.

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