A migraine is a very painful kind of headache. Like many medical conditions, they are not the same for everyone. Your symptoms will be unique to you. You may have only a few of the migraine symptoms or you can experience them all. You will probably feel a throbbing on the side of your head. You can have blurred vision or even a blind spot in one eye before the headache begins. Loud noises and bright light can make the pain worse. Often, you can feel nausea and even experience vomiting.

Migraine headaches have many known triggers.

  • Alcohol, especially red wine and beer.
  • Certain foods, like aged cheeses, chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, some fruits like avocado, banana, and citrus, onions, dairy products.
  • Foods with monosodium glutamate (MSG), meats containing nitrates: bacon, hot dogs, salami, cured meats, fermented or pickled foods.
  • Skipping meals.
  • Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, before and during your period, and menopause.
  • Certain odors, like perfume or smoke.
  • Bright lights.
  • Loud noises.
  • Stress either physical or emotional. Migraines frequently develop after periods of high stress.
  • The extremes of sleep either too much or too little.
  • Caffeine.
  • Exposure to tobacco smoke or smoking.
weight loss clinic austinaustin regional clinic doctorsaustin endocrinologists