Diabetes

Punjabi Medical Clinic

Narendra Punjabi, MD, PA

Internal Medicine & Addiction Treatment Specialist located in Travis County, Austin, TX

Whether you already have diabetes or are at risk of developing it, you need to manage the condition carefully. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to organ damage and chronic health problems. At Punjabi Medical Clinic, you meet with diabetes expert and internal medicine physician Narendra Punjabi, MD. When you visit this Austin, Texas, practice, you learn to keep your diabetes under control and in some cases — as with Type II or gestational diabetes — reverse the condition altogether.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, which helps cells get fuel in the form of glucose. But if your pancreas becomes damaged or doesn’t work correctly, you don’t have the insulin you need for glucose absorption. That describes Type I diabetes.

In some cases, your body makes insulin, but insulin doesn't work correctly — or you don’t have enough of it. In this case, you have unstable glucose levels because your body is resistant to the insulin your pancreas makes. That's Type II diabetes.

Usually Type I diabetes develops in your youth. But 9 of 10 diabetic patients have Type II diabetes, which can develop at any point in life. A third type, gestational diabetes, is temporary and can develop while you’re pregnant.

Who gets Type II diabetes?

Type II diabetes often stems from lifestyle factors. You’re more likely to develop Type II diabetes if you:

  • Are over age 45
  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Are overweight or obese
  • Don’t exercise
  • Had gestational diabetes

In some cases, you're more likely to develop Type II diabetes if you have specific chronic health conditions, like high blood pressure. Or if you have slightly higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, such as with prediabetes, your situation could develop into Type II diabetes.

If any of these factors apply to you, it’s essential to get screened early on to try to stop Type II diabetes before it starts, or reverse its effects.

How is diabetes treated?

There's no cure for diabetes. You likely need insulin injections several times throughout the day, especially if you have Type I diabetes.

Not everyone with Type II diabetes needs insulin injections, though. Sometimes this form of diabetes primarily requires you to take daily medications, although, for some, it can resolve with proper diet, exercise, and weight loss. Gestational diabetes tends to get better after delivery, as long as you’re otherwise healthy.

No matter which type of diabetes you have, though, you need to check your blood sugar regularly and be aware of the foods you're eating. Dr. Punjabi helps develop a nutrition plan to keep your blood sugar levels as stable as possible.

Make an appointment at Punjabi Medical Clinic to get help managing your diabetes. Book online or call the office to schedule.